Clean Water and Sanitation Program in Cihanjuang Village, Sumedang
Collaboration with the Coca-Cola Amatil Indonesia.
YBUL entered into collaboration with the Coca-Cola Amatil Indonesia (CCAI) through the Coca-Cola Foundation Indonesia (CCFI) on 20 March 2013, to implement a one yearclean water and sanitation program in Cihanjuang village. Its primary objectives include healthier behavior change from using contaminated water to use of clean water, and indifferent defecation to the use of located toilets and better designed septic tank. The objectives will be achieved through provision of clean water to about 500 households (approximately 4,000 individuals) surrounding the CCAI factory in Cihanjuang village of Sumedang district, through about 5 kms of gravity driven water pipe systems channeling clean water from local water springs. The program also provides one example of communal septic tank in the very crowded settlement of the village. The project is in line with the government program on health (PolaHidupBersihdanSehat = PHBS) to promote healthier behavior, reduce incidence of diarrheal and skin diseases.
As an implementation of YBUL’s programs in local community empowerment, the water and sanitation project with CCAI will enable local community fulfill and manage their needs for clean water. At least three elements are applied as basis for implementing the program: a) community-based, b) environmentally friendly, and c) managed as a social entrepreneur entity.
The program provides extensive opportunities for community members (who are potentially become project beneficiaries) to exercise various participatory planning activities to ensure community participation in buildingconsensus and obtaining commitment, e.g. through focus group discussions, participative transect and ground checking,awareness raising and community gatherings. PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation) methodology was used to raise awareness and understanding of community’s existing problems and possible ways to resolve them.
The water will be taken from the available local water springs, with no or minimum treatment, and operated by gravity-driven pressures. In the future, in order to maintain the availability of the spring water, reforestation of the upper water catchment area needs to take place.
Based on the previous YBUL’s experience in developinga similar project in the adjacent village (SindangPakuon) and particularly in installing a village level water company (PDAM), the project will also enable local community to establish a similar water company. This is a part of the program’s exit strategies so that sustainability level will significantly increase through self financing mechanisms, as well as promoting a social entrepreneurship capacity at village level. The water company, as a village owned enterprise (Badan UsahaMilikDesa = Bumdes) will be established and legally strengthened by a village regulation (peraturandesa), to manage the water facility.
The project will develop awater subscription system so that community members will pay the use of water in a fair way. Water meters will be installed at household level; payment will be collected from the subscribers in monthly basis. The funds will be used to finance various activities: the operation and maintenance of the water system, e.g. remuneration of the staff, additional income for the village, security services, as well as for replanting trees in water catchment area. In a way, this also is an implementation of the payment for environmental services (PES) concept.
The water system consists of a gravity driven piping system, which includes: main plastic pipe system of about 5.3 kms long, ranging from 5 – 3” diameter; availability of water capacity of 10 liter/second; secondary pipe networks which will tap water from the main pipe and distribute it to houses through water meter in order to calculate the use of individual subscriber as basis for monthly payment.
The project is planned to complete in one year, but with a framework in mind that there will be expanded programs in the second and third years. The second year of the project will be used to conserve the upper water catchment area through planting and application of water harvesting techniques. The third year of the project will focus on developing community-based income generating activities through various waste-to-income programs, in addition to the availability of clean water.
Persons in charge:
Agus Widianto – Project Leader
Mathias Ola – Project Management and Finance Advisor
DidinRosyidin – Field Coordinator
Ida Murni – Facilitator assistant and management support